From the WSAZ First Warning Weather Center... The National Weather Service has issued a Flash Flood Warning for Morgan County in Kentucky until 1:30 AM Saturday... FLASH FLOOD WARNING FOR... EXTREME SOUTH CENTRAL BATH COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL KENTUCKY... MONTGOMERY COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL KENTUCKY... NORTH CENTRAL LEE COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST KENTUCKY... NORTHEASTERN ESTILL COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL KENTUCKY... POWELL COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL KENTUCKY... SOUTHERN MENIFEE COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL KENTUCKY... WEST CENTRAL MORGAN COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST KENTUCKY... WESTERN WOLFE COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST KENTUCKY... UNTIL 130 AM EDT SATURDAY AT 720 PM EDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR INDICATED SLOW MOVING THUNDERSTORMS WITH VERY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS THE WARNED AREA. DOPPLER RADAR ESTIMATES THAT AS MUCH AS TWO INCHES OF RAIN PER HOUR OR MORE WAS FALLING FROM THUNDERSTORMS MOVING ACROSS THE AREA. ALTHOUGH THE STORMS ARE TAPERING OFF IN MONTGOMERY COUNTY...THE STORMS WILL WORK ACROSS THE REMAINDER OF THE WARNED AREA FOR THE NEXT ONE TO TWO HOURS. RUNOFF FROM THIS EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WILL CAUSE FLASH FLOODING TO OCCUR. SOME LOCATIONS THAT WILL EXPERIENCE FLOODING INCLUDE... BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO...CAMPTON...MOUNT STERLING...STANTON... AIREDALE...BEAN...BOOTH... BOWEN...CALABOOSE...CAMARGO...CAT CREEK...CEDAR GROVES...CLAY CITY...CLAY LICK...COONS STATION... CORNWELL...DENNISTON...FAGAN...FINCASTLE...FIXER...FURNACE... GATEWOODS STATION...GLENCAIRN... GOSNEYVILLE...GRANNIE...GRASSY LICK...HAYSTACK...HIGH FALLS... JEFFERSONVILLE...JENSON AND KLONDIKE. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... DO NOT DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE INTO AREAS WHERE THE WATER COVERS THE ROADWAY. THE WATER DEPTH MAY BE TOO GREAT TO ALLOW YOUR CAR TO CROSS SAFELY. There is also a Flash Flood Warning for the counties of Boyd, Greenup and Lawrence in Kentucky, for Lawrence County in Ohio and for the counties of Boone, Cabell, Lincoln, Logan, Mingo and Wayne in West Virginia until 9:15 PM......SERIOUS FLOODING LIKELY... AT 635 PM EDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR CONTINUED TO INDICATE THUNDERSTORMS PRODUCING VERY HEAVY RAIN OVER THE WARNED AREA. FLOODING IS ONGOING IN MANY AREAS. SOME AREAS IN BOYD COUNTY KENTUCKY...NORTHERN WAYNE AND SOUTHERN CABELL COUNTIES IN WEST VIRGINIA HAVE RECEIVED 2 TO 3 INCHES OF RAIN IN A ONE TO TWO HOUR PERIOD. MORE STORMS ARE EXPECTED TO MOVE OVER THE SAME AREA OVER THE NEXT HOUR...WHICH WILL FURTHER AGGRAVATE THE FLOODING. LOCATIONS IN THE WARNING INCLUDE BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO EAST LYNN LAKE...ONA...CENTERVILLE...RUSH...PRINCESS...NAPLES...DURBIN... COALTON...BURNAUGH...GARNER...CATLETTSBURG...CANNONSBURG...ASHLAND... PROCTORVILLE...IRONTON...COAL GROVE...CHESAPEAKE...WAYNE...KENOVA... HUNTINGTON...HAMLIN...CEREDO...BEECH FORK STATE PARK AND BARBOURSVILLE PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... EXCESSIVE RUNOFF FROM HEAVY RAINFALL WILL CAUSE FLOODING OF SMALL CREEKS AND STREAMS...HIGHWAYS AND UNDERPASSES. ADDITIONALLY...COUNTRY ROADS AND FARMLANDS ALONG THE BANKS OF CREEKS...STREAMS AND OTHER LOW LYING AREAS ARE SUBJECT TO FLOODING. TURN AROUND DON'T DROWN. DO NOT DRIVE YOUR CAR ON FLOODED ROADWAYS. PLEASE REPORT HIGH WATER TO THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BY CALLING TOLL FREE...800-401-9535...WHEN YOU CAN DO SO SAFELY. YOU MAY ALSO REPORT HIGH WATER BY POSTING YOUR REPORT TO THE CHARLESTON WEST VIRGINIA NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FACEBOOK PAGE...OR BY USING THE TWITTER HASHTAG...NWSRLX. ... FLASH FLOOD WARNING FOR... SOUTHWESTERN LINCOLN COUNTY IN WEST VIRGINIA... LOGAN COUNTY IN WEST VIRGINIA... THIS INCLUDES THE CITY OF LOGAN... MCDOWELL COUNTY IN WEST VIRGINIA... THIS INCLUDES THE CITY OF WELCH... MINGO COUNTY IN WEST VIRGINIA... THIS INCLUDES THE CITY OF WILLIAMSON... WYOMING COUNTY IN WEST VIRGINIA... THIS INCLUDES THE CITY OF PINEVILLE... UNTIL 915 PM EDT AT 708 PM EDT...VERY HEAVY RAIN WAS INDICATED FROM THUNDERSTORMS OVER THE WARNED AREA. MORE STORMS WITH VERY HEAVY RAIN ARE EXPECTED OVER THE NEXT 2 HOURS. LOCATIONS IN THE WARNING INCLUDE BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO HINCH... HANOVER...RED JACKET...R.D. BAILEY LAKE...OCEANA...MAN...MALLORY... HOLDEN...HARTS...DELBARTON...CHIEF LOGAN STATE PARK...CHATTAROY AND CHAPMANVILLE PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... EXCESSIVE RUNOFF FROM HEAVY RAINFALL WILL CAUSE FLOODING OF SMALL CREEKS AND STREAMS...COUNTRY ROADS...AS WELL AS FARMLAND ALONG THE BANKS OF CREEKS AND STREAMS. DO NOT DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE INTO AREAS WHERE THE WATER COVERS THE ROADWAY. THE WATER DEPTH MAY BE TOO GREAT TO ALLOW YOUR CAR TO CROSS SAFELY. MOVE TO HIGHER GROUND. PLEASE REPORT HIGH WATER TO THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BY CALLING TOLL FREE...800-401-9535...WHEN YOU CAN DO SO SAFELY. YOU MAY ALSO REPORT HIGH WATER BY POSTING YOUR REPORT TO THE CHARLESTON WEST VIRGINIA NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FACEBOOK PAGE...OR BY USING THE TWITTER HASHTAG...NWSRLX. There is also a Flash Flood Watch for the counties of Boyd, Carter, Greenup and Lawrence in Kentucky, for the counties of Athens, Gallia, Jackson, Lawrence, Meigs and Vinton in Ohio and for the counties of Boone, Braxton, Cabell, Calhoun, Clay, Jackson, Kanawha, Lincoln, Logan, Mason, Mingo, Nicholas, Putnam, Roane, Wayne, Wirt and Wood in West Virginia until 1:00 AM Saturday, and a Flood Advisory for the counties of Martin and Pike in Kentucky. Stay tuned or go to WSAZ.com for the latest information.

Lightning: Nature's Fertilizer

Lightning: Nature's Way Of Converting Atmospheric Nitrogen Into Fertilizer.

The powerful bursts of electrical energy from the flashes of lightning ionize the air and produce nitrogen oxide. This ionization process converts the free nitrogen of the air into its water soluble state which all plants need. Just ask WSAZ home and garden expert, John Marra, nitrogen is an essential part of fertilizer. Lightning also help generate new growth in forest areas that are burned by fires triggered by lightning by clearing dead trees so that seedlings have the space and soil to germinate. 

The following list taken from an old newspaper describes the ionization of nitrogen in the atmosphere when lightning strikes:

  • Lightning barrage our earth about 100 times per second.
  •  Lightning is a violent explosion due to the sudden and extremely rapid equalization of electric charges which were formerly forced apart.
  •  Lightning takes place in a thunderstorm cloud wherein the electric charges are forced to separate.
  • The (+) particles gather at the top of the cloud and the (-) particles go to the bottom of the cloud.
  • On earth – directly below the cloud, + charges are attracted. These follow the cloud wherever it drifts.
  •  Lightning happens when the (-) charges in the cloud finally meet the (+) charges on the ground --wham . . . lightning is produced.
  •  These charges meet by traveling through a channel formed by a gaseous arm leaping up from the ground.
  •  Lightning is not produced in one big burst of power. Equalization of electric charges occur in a series or in spurts so that lightning is actually a series of powerful sparks.
  •  Lightning last about one second.
  •  Lightning doesn’t strike down. It is actually going up. It starts from point of contact and it jets up to the cloud along the path established by the gaseous arm.
  •  Lightning appears to be going down because it is an optical illusion. Its speed is actually too fast for the eye to follow.
  • All lightning bolts have no connection on the ground but lightning can be produced between clouds.
  • It is different from St. Elmo’s light in that the latter is really an electric overload becoming visible in the form of light.
  •  Thunder is the sound created by air rushing away at supersonic speed after it has been superheated by the lightning bolt.
  • Below is a great illustration from the NWS on how lightning does this.

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